Anxiety and arousal – Improving PDHPE
Study Notes

– Trait and State Anxiety

Anxiety is regarded as an adverse emotional state. It usually occurs when an athlete views a situation or environment as risky or dangerous.

State Anxiety – These are feelings of stress that relate to a particular event or moment. The amount anxiety will depend on the size of the event.

Trait Anxiety – This is often a personal disposition that shows anxiety and sees numerous situations as intimidating. When someone has this type of anxiety, they are generally seen participating in competitive situations.

– Sources of Stress

Stress happens when there is an gap between what a person expects and their believed ability to meet the expectations. When a person has a large imbalance, they become stressed out. There are all kinds of stress such as:

– Injury concerns

– Financial concerns

– Crowds

– Expectations

– Preparation

– Contract concerns

– Selection concerns

– Optimal Arousal

This is the emotional and physical response that relates to a particular event or moment. This is extremely important to succeed. However, not every sport or athlete can have the same arousal level. Archers need peace and quiet; weightlifters need to be pumped up.

Full Written Notes

Critical question 2: How does psychology affect performance?
Anxiety and Arousal

Trait and State Anxiety: Anxiety is regarded as a negative emotional state, and is often the result of perceiving a situation as threatening.

State Anxiety

A state of anxiety occurs when we experience tension which relates to a particular event or moment. The intensity of the anxiety will be affected by the importance or significance of the event.

Trait Anxiety

Some people a personal disposition toward anxiety and are more likely to perceive situations as threatening. This type of anxiety often arises in competitive situations.

Sources of Stress

Stress occurs when there is an imbalance between an expectation and the perceived ability to meet that expectation. Stress arises from an imbalance between these two factors.

There many types of stress, for example:

– Fear of injury
– Financial concerns
– Crowds
– Expectations
– Preparation
– Contract concerns
– Selection concerns

Optimal Arousal

Arousal is an emotional and physical response which relates to a particular event or moment. This positive feeling can energise the athlete, significantly increasing their drive to succeed. Not every sport or athlete will have the same arousal level. For example, archers often need serenity and quiet while weightlifters prefer a charged atmosphere with an active audience.