Option 3: Sports Medicine

In this topic you will learn about …

The unit is broken up into 4 critical questions:

Critical Question 1: How are sports injuries classified and managed?

Critical Question 2: How does sports medicine address the demands of specific athletes?

Critical Question 3: What role do preventative actions play in enhancing the wellbeing of the athlete?

Critical Question 4: How is injury rehabilitation managed?

By the syllabus breaking up the topics into critical questions, you are able to explore the unit more efficiently as the dot points all aim to help answer each critical question. It is so important that you learn the syllabus back to front and know each dot point as well as from what part of the syllabus it is from.

By clicking on the links below you can start to explore each critical question’s dot point. We will be adding more notes, videos and study tips as time goes by.

Critical Question 1: How are sports injuries classified and managed?

Learn about: Ways to classify sports injuries

– direct and indirect

– soft and hard tissue overuse

Learn to: Identify specific examples of injuries that reflect each of the classifications

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Learn about: Soft tissue injuries

– tears, sprains, contusions

– skin abrasions, lacerations, blisters

– inflammatory response

Learn to: Manage soft tissue injuries:

– RICER (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation, Referral)

– immediate treatment of skin injuries

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Learn about: Hard tissue injuries

– fractures

– dislocation

Learn to: Manage hard tissue injuries

– assessment for medical attention

– immobilisation

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Learn about: Assessment of injuries

– TOTAPS (Talk, Observe, Touch, Active and Passive movement, Skills test)

Learn to: Perform assessment procedures to determine the nature and extent of injury in simulated scenarios


Critical Question 2: How does sports medicine address the demands of specific athletes?

Learn about: Children and young athletes

– medical conditions (asthma, diabetes, epilepsy)

– overuse injuries (stress fractures)

– thermoregulation

– appropriateness of resistance training

Learn to: Analyse the implications of each of these considerations for the ways young people engage in sport and how each is managed

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Learn about: Adult and aged athletes

– heart conditions

– fractures/bone density

– flexibility/joint mobility

Learn to: Explain the sports participation options available for aged people with medical conditions

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Learn about: Female athletes

– eating disorders

– iron deficiency

– bone density

– pregnancy

Learn to: Assess the degree to which iron deficiency and bone density affect participation in sport


Critical Question 3: What role do preventative actions play in enhancing the wellbeing of the athlete?

Learn about: Physical preparation

– pre-screening

– skill and technique

– physical fitness

– warmup, stretching and cool down

Learn to: Analyse different sports in order to determine priority preventative strategies and how adequate preparation may prevent injuries

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Learn about: Sports policy and the sports environment

– rules of sports and activities

– modified rules for children

– matching of opponents, eg growth and development, skill level

– use of protective equipment

– safe grounds, equipment and facilities

Learn to: Critically analyse sports policies, rules and equipment to determine the degree to which they promote safe participation, eg heat rules, rugby union scrum rules

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Learn about: Environmental considerations

– temperature regulation (convection, radiation, conduction, evaporation)

– climatic conditions (temperature, humidity, wind, rain, altitude, pollution)

– guidelines for fluid intake

– acclimatisation

Learn to: Evaluate strategies an athlete could employ to support the body’s temperature regulation mechanisms

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –


Critical Question 4: How is injury rehabilitation managed?

Learn about: Rehabilitation procedures

– progressive mobilisation

– graduated exercise (stretching, conditioning, total body fitness)

– training

– use of heat and cold

Learn to: Examine and justify rehabilitation procedures used for a range of specific injuries, eg hamstring tear, shoulder dislocation

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Learn about: Return to play

– indicators of readiness for return to play (pain free, degree of mobility)

– monitoring progress (pre-test and post-test)

– psychological readiness

– specific warm-up procedures

– return to play policies and procedures ethical considerations, eg pressure to participate, use of painkillers

Learn to: Research and evaluate skill and other physical tests that could be used to indicate readiness to return to play

Learn to: Critically examine policies and procedures that regulate the timing of return to play, considering questions such as:

– why aren’t such policies applied to all sports?

– who should have ultimate responsibility for deciding if an athlete returns to competition?

– should athletes be allowed to use painkillers in order to compete when injured?