Core 1: Health Priorities in Australia

In this topic you will learn about …

 

The unit is broken up into 4 critical questions:

Critical Question 1: How are priority issues for Australia’s health identified?

Critical Question 2: What are the priority issues for improving Australia’s health?

Critical Question 3: What role do health care facilities and services play in achieving better health for all Australians?

Critical Question 4: What actions are needed to address Australia’s health priorities?

By the syllabus breaking up the topics into critical questions, you are able to explore the unit more efficiently as the dot points all aim to help answer each critical question. It is so important that you learn the syllabus back to front and know each dot point as well as from what part of the syllabus it is from.

By clicking on the links below you can start to explore each critical question’s dot point. We will be adding more notes, videos and study tips as time goes by.

 

Critical Question 1: How are priority issues for Australia’s health identified?

Learn about: Measuring health status

– role of epidemiology

– measures of epidemiology (mortality, infant mortality, morbidity, life expectancy)

Learn to: Critique the use of epidemiology to describe health status by considering questions such as:

– what can epidemiology tell us?

– who uses these measures?

– do they measure everything about health status?

Learn to: Use tables and graphs from health reports to analyse current trends in life expectancy and major causes of morbidity and mortality for the general population and comparing males and females

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Learn about: Identifying priority health issues

– social justice principles

– priority population groups

– prevalence of condition

– potential for prevention and early intervention

– costs to the individual and community

Learn to: Argue the case for why decisions are made about health priorities by considering questions such as:

– how do we identify priority issues for Australia’s health?

– what role do the principles of social justice play?

– why is it important to prioritise?

Critical Question 2: What are the priority issues for improving Australia’s health?

Learn about: Groups experiencing health inequities

– Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples

– Socioeconomically disadvantaged people

– People in rural and remote areas

– Overseas-born people

– The elderly

– People with disabilities

Learn to: Research and analyse Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and ONE other group experiencing health inequities by investigating:

– the nature and extent of the health inequities

– the sociocultural, socioeconomic and environmental determinants

– the roles of individuals, communities and governments in addressing the health inequities

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Learn about: High levels of preventable chronic disease, injury and mental health problems

– cardiovascular disease (CVD)

– cancer (skin,breast,lung)

– diabetes

– respiratory disease

– injury

– mental health problems and illnesses

Learn to: Research and analyse CVD, cancer and ONE other condition listed by investigating:

– the nature of the problem

– extent of the problem (trends)

– risk factors and protective factors

– the sociocultural, socioeconomic and environmental determinants

– groups at risk

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Learn about: A growing and ageing population

– healthy ageing

– increased population living with chronic

– disease and disability

– demand for health services and workforce shortages

– availability of carers and volunteers

Learn to: Assess the impact of a growing and ageing population on:

– the health system and services

– health service workforce

– carers of the elderly

– volunteer organisations

Critical Question 3: What role do health care facilities and services play in achieving better health for all Australians?

Learn about: health care in Australia

– range and types of health facilities and services

– responsibility for health facilities and services

– equity of access to health facilities and services

– health care expenditure versus expenditure on early intervention and prevention

– impact of emerging new treatments and technologies on health care, e.g. cost and access, benefits of early detection

– health insurance: Medicare and private

Learn to: Evaluate health care in Australia by investigating issues of access and adequacy in relation to social justice principles. Questions to explore include:

– how equitable is the access and support for all sections of the community?

– how much responsibility should the community assume for individual health problems?

Learn to: Describe the advantages and disadvantages of Medicare and private health insurance, e.g. costs, choice, ancillary benefits

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Learn about: Complementary and alternative health care approaches

– reasons for growth of complementary and alternative health products and services

– range of products and services available how to make informed consumer choices

Learn to: Critically analyse complementary and alternative health care approaches by exploring questions such as:

– how do you know who to believe?

– what do you need to help you make informed decisions?

Critical Question 4: What actions are needed to address Australia’s health priorities?

Learn about: Health promotion based on the five action areas of the Ottawa Charter

– levels of responsibility for health promotion

– the benefits of partnerships in health promotion, eg government sector, non- government agencies and the local community

– how health promotion based on the Ottawa Charter promotes social justice

– the Ottawa Charter in action

Learn to: Argue the benefits of health promotion based on:

– individuals, communities and governments working in partnership

– the five action areas of the Ottawa Charter

Learn to: Investigate the principles of social justice and the responsibilities of individuals, communities and governments under the action areas of the Ottawa Charter

Learn to: Critically analyse the importance of the five action areas of the Ottawa Charter through a study of TWO health promotion initiatives related to Australia’s health priorities